Judith Martín-de Leóna,∗, Frederik Van Loockb, Victoria Bernardoa, Norman A. Fleckb,
Miguel Ángel Rodríguez-Péreza
a Cellular Materials Laboratory (CellMat), Condensed Matter Physics Department, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
b Engineering Department, University of Cambridge, Trumpington Street, CB2 1PZ, Cambridge, United Kingdom
A B S T R A C T
Solid-state foaming experiments are conducted on three grades of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). Nanocellular PMMA foams are manufactured with an average cell size ranging from 20 nm to 84 nm and a relative density between 0.37 and 0.5. For benchmarking purposes, additional microcellular PMMA foams with an average cell size close to 1 μm and relative density close to that of the nanocellular foams are manufactured. Uniaxial compression tests and single edge notch bend tests are conducted on the PMMA foams. The measured Young’s modulus and yield strength of the PMMA foams are independent of cell size whereas the fracture toughness of the PMMA foam increases with decreasing average cell size from the micron range to the nanometer range.